Youth, advanced age, trauma, and illness can lead to a variety of urinary disorders in dogs.
The main function of the kidney is to filter waste products and toxins accumulated in the body, which are then excreted through the urine. Dysfunctions affecting the kidney, therefore, affect the dog’s urinary system. This is not the only cause of urinary disorders. With the exception of conditions that are in an advanced stage, it is possible to treat these problems and make the animal recover. In other cases, it is a matter of adapting to his environment and trying to improve his daily life so that the repercussions of the disease are minimal.
Chronic and acute kidney failure
Affected by an abnormality, the kidneys can see their performance diminish and therefore perform much less well in their role as a natural filter. As a result, the amounts of toxins that end up in the blood, because they could not be filtered out by the defective kidneys, cause a variety of symptoms. These depend on whether the kidney failure is acute or chronic.
Acute kidney failure: This usually manifests itself by great tiredness, loss of appetite, painful urination, diarrhea, vomiting, or bad breath. These are all signs that are not specific to the disease and therefore make its detection difficult. This form of kidney failure occurs abruptly, but it can be treated effectively if it is treated early. It is therefore not irreversible if the dog is taken quickly to the veterinarian. The veterinarian will examine the animal and try to determine the exact cause of acute kidney failure. It can be dehydration, infection, intoxication, parasitic disease, or even a stone. The specialist will prescribe an adapted treatment.
Chronic kidney failure: here, the consequences are irreversible. Chronic renal failure is, in fact, associated with progressive destruction of the kidney and the damaged parts can no longer heal. When the characteristic symptoms (Strong thirst, frequent urination, vomiting, diarrhea, anemia…) are observed, it is often too late. This serious form of kidney failure can be caused by various factors, such as a congenital malformation or kidney cancer. The veterinarian will then prescribe an adapted diet, including reduced protein and phosphorus intakes, as well as measures to promote rehydration of the dog.
Incontinence in old dogs
As in humans, older dogs can suffer from urinary incontinence. The animal may have been perfectly toilet trained throughout his life but may become incontinent as it ages.
With age, the functions of the urinary system decline and it is increasingly difficult to control urination, especially when health problems involving the prostate, bladder, or nervous system become involved.
One solution is to put underpads in the house or have her wear diapers. They come in several sizes and can be adapted to all breeds of dogs.
Emotional urinary disorders are, as their name suggests, accidents of cleanliness that are due to emotion.
It is not considered abnormal in puppies who are still unable to control their urination when excited or afraid (in the car, at the vets, etc.).
On the other hand, it should be closely monitored in adult dogs. A visit to the veterinarian and, possibly, the behaviorist will allow the causes of this problem (Phobia, hyperactivity…) to be precisely identified and the appropriate treatment to be put in place.